effect of Activ8 participation on students" psychosocial determinants of physical activity.

by Jennifer Louise Robertson

Written in English
Published: Pages: 131 Downloads: 544
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Edition Notes

Thesis (Ph.D.) -- University of Toronto, 2003.

The Physical Object
Pagination131 leaves.
Number of Pages131
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL21789662M
ISBN 100612847268

Enjoyment has been shown to mediate (mechanism of change) involvement and participation in a range of sport sand physical activities. A lack of effective strategies targeting students’ activity participation could be due to a lack of understanding of how enjoyment can influence students’ participation . Objectives To develop a physical activity (PA) promotion intervention for adolescents using a process addressing gaps in the literature while considering participant engagement. We describe the initial development stages; (1) existing evidence, (2) large scale opinion gathering and (3) developmental qualitative work, aiming (A) to gain insight into how to increase PA among the whole of year 9. Elements that may be determinants on health include nutrition, intensity and type of physical activity, appropriate footwear and clothing, climate, injury, stress levels and sleep patterns. Sport and physical activity can make a substantial contribution to the well-being of people in developing countries. Social determinants, such as income inequality, underlie many different problems in health and development. You can address their results, but unless you address the determinants directly, your effort isn’t likely to have long-term effects. A social determinants effort addresses social change through the development of greater equity.

Background: This umbrella review aimed to summarise the evidence presented in systematic reviews and meta-analyses regarding the effect of physical activity on academic achievement of school-age children and adolescents. Methods: A comprehensive electronic search for relevant systematic reviews and meta-analyses were performed in Pubmed, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, Scopus, and Latin.   Health at Every Size® (HAES®) is a weight-neutral approach focused on promoting healthy behaviors in people with different body sizes. This study examined multiple physiological, attitudinal, nutritional, and behavioral effects of a newly developed, intensive, interdisciplinary HAES®-based intervention in obese women. This was a prospective, seven-month, randomized (), . Aims. As the part of the investigation undertaken by the DEDIPAC project (the DEterminants of DIet and Physical Activity Knowledge Hub, the first Research Action of the European Union’s Joint Programming Initiative on Healthy Diet for Healthy Life) [], the present study aimed to (1) identify conditions for successful implementation of interventions promoting healthy diet, PA and a reduction. The social determinants of health are the economic and social conditions that influence individual and group differences in health status. They are the health promoting factors found in one's living and working conditions (such as the distribution of income, wealth, influence, and power), rather than individual risk factors (such as behavioral risk factors or genetics) that influence the risk.

The hoped-for psychosocial outcomes of physical education and other physical activity programs in the school setting have been found to be critical for continued physical activity across the life span and are themselves powerful long-term determinants of physical activity (Bauman et al., ).   Author Biographies. YoungHo Kim is a professor in the Department of Sport Science at Seoul National University of Science and Technology, Seoul, South research focuses on identification of psychosocial and environmental correlates of physical activity based on social cognitive theories and the relation between physical activity and health among the elderly and obese .

effect of Activ8 participation on students" psychosocial determinants of physical activity. by Jennifer Louise Robertson Download PDF EPUB FB2

Only 1 in 4 US adults and 1 in 5 high school students meet the recommended physical activity guidelines. About 31 million adults aged 50 or older are inactive, meaning that they get no physical activity beyond that of daily living.

Low levels of physical activity can contribute to heart disease, type 2 diabetes, some kinds of cancer, and obesity. Low levels of physical activity (PA) are reported to contribute to the occurrence of non-communicable diseases over the life course. Although psychological factors have been identified as an important category concerning PA behavior, knowledge on psychological determinants of PA is still inconclusive.

Therefore, the aim of this umbrella systematic literature review (SLR) was to summarize Cited by: Further, participation in many types of physical activity may prove especially effective in reducing stress in college students and decreasing the number of day-to-day happenings that students perceive to be inconveniences or difficulties (i.e., “life hassles”) Author: Eydie Kramer.

Mission. The Journal of Aging and Physical Activity (JAPA) is a multidisciplinary journal that publishes peer-reviewed original research reports, scholarly reviews, and professional-application articles on the relationship between physical activity and the aging journal encourages the submission of articles that can contribute to an understanding of (a) the impact of physical.

Physical Activity and Psychosocial Discomfort among High School Students in Taipei, Taiwan. International Quarterly of Community Health Education, Vol.

22, Issue. 3, p. Effects of physical activity on psychological variables in adolescents. Pediatric Exercise Sci. ; 6 (4) Cited by: Physical activity is a key component of energy balance and is promoted in children and adolescents as a lifelong positive health behavior.

Understanding the potential behavioral determinants necessitates understanding influences from three fundamental areas: 1) physiologic and developmental factors, 2) environmental factors, and 3) psychological, social, and demographic factors.

In the book, Personality in Nature, Society, and Culture, authors Murray and Kluckhohn () identify all of the following as determinants of personality formation, except: Interdependence One of the primary objectives of sport and exercise psychology is to understand how participation in physical activity affects a persons psychological.

Certain psychosocial factors such as personality traits, history of stressors, and coping resources are believed to influence the stress response. Sports injury has a psychologic effect on athletes. • Effective postinjury psychosocial intervention strategies include education, goal effect of Activ8 participation on students psychosocial determinants of physical activity.

book, social support, and the use of mental skills. regressions was applied to investigate the effect of different factors on students’ achievement. Keywords: Academic performance, Rift valley university and regression model. Introduction In this era of globalization and technological revolution, education is considered as a first step for every human activity.

Effects of exercise and physical activity on depression P. Dinas • Y. Koutedakis • A. Flouris Received: 14 December / Accepted: 26 October / Published online: 14 November factor but rather is characterized by multiple physical and psychosocial stressors.

Further, SES is a consistent and reliable predictor of a vast array of outcomes across the life span, including physical and psychological health. Thus, SES is relevant to all realms of behavioral and social science.

The total effect of physical activity on academic performance was significant but smaller than the total indirect effect through mediators.

the students’ participation in physical activities. Seeking U-M student subjects: Dr. Chen, director of the Physical Activity and Health Laboratory is conducting a study, "Psychological Well-Being and Physical Activity (PWB-PA) during the COVID Pandemic” (HUM#).

Its aim is to understand how COVID has impacted the U-M community, and what can be done to help. The survey will take minutes to complete, and those who finish.

Physical activity research has been dominated by traditional cognitive rationale paradigms utilized within other domains. Though this approach to physical activity behavior has greatly enhanced our understanding of the key determinants, it has done little to eradicate the health problems we currently face.

In order to achieve lasting change though, multilevel interventions may prove effective. Gangs often limit physical activity by making neighborhoods so unsafe that parents are afraid to let their children outside to play in parks, gyms, and pools.

Gang members are more likely to leave a gang if more attractive alternatives like sport are made available. Psychological resilience is the ability to mentally or emotionally cope with a crisis or to return to pre-crisis status quickly. Resilience exists when the person uses "mental processes and behaviors in promoting personal assets and protecting self from the potential negative effects of stressors".

In simpler terms, psychological resilience exists in people who develop psychological and. `This is timely and will be of special interest to health service managers and members of primary care groups because the successful promotion of regular physical activity is a challenge contained in the strategy of Our Healthier Nation and is a candidate for incorporation into health improvement programmes and the service framework for coronary heart disease' - Health Service Journal This.

The social determinants of health in poverty describe the factors that affect impoverished populations' health and health inequality. Inequalities in health stem from the conditions of people's lives, including living conditions, work environment, age, and other social factors, and how these affect people's ability to respond to illness.

These conditions are also shaped by political, social. The health benefits of regular physical activity and exercise have been widely acknowledged.

Unfortunately, a decline in physical activity is observed in older adults. Knowledge of the determinants of physical activity (unstructured activity incorporated in daily life) and exercise (structured, planned and repetitive activities) is needed to effectively promote an active lifestyle.

the role of physical activity as a protective factor for adults’ physical health is well established, less is known about the psychological effects of regular physical activity in emerging adults and, more specifically, how regular physical activity affects self-esteem, happiness, and optimism in.

Student participation and compliance with the program was >80%. To conclude, a school-based program to improve physical activity in adolescents of low socioeconomic status, obtained a high level of participation and achieved significant benefits in terms of physical fitness and mental health status.

Physical activity (PA) as a preventive measure is widely recognised as central to effective management of overweight and obesity problems [], and for children it is seen as an important factor in reducing the risk of chronic disease in adulthood [2, 3].Evidence suggests that habitual physical activity (PA) amongst young people is declining with a rise in incidence of overweight and obesity [1, 2].

Identify at least five minute time slots you could use for physical activity. Add physical activity to your daily routine. For example, walk or ride your bike to work or shopping, organize school activities around physical activity, walk the dog, take the stairs, exercise while you watch TV, park farther away from your destination, etc.

The positive benefits of physical activity for physical and mental health are now widely acknowledged, yet levels of physical inactivity continue to increase throughout the developed world. Understanding the psychology of physical activity has therefore become an important concern for scientists, health professionals and policy-makers alike.

Ancient philosophers and physicians such as Plato and Hippocrates believed in the relationship between physical activity and health, and the lack of physical activity and disease. However, by the midth century it was believed that physical activity might be harmful to health.

Moreover, the recommended treatment of the time after myocardial infarction was complete bed rest. Because research in older adults has served as a model for understanding the effects of physical activity and fitness on the developing brain during childhood, the adult research is briefly discussed.

The short- and long-term cognitive benefits of both a single session of and regular participation in physical activity are summarized. Psychological stress and physical activity (PA) are believed to be reciprocally related; however, most research examining the relationship between these constructs is devoted to the study of exercise and/or PA as an instrument to mitigate distress.

The aim of this paper was to review the literature investigating the influence of stress on indicators of PA and exercise. The purpose of this chapter is to review the evidence on the relationship between participation in physical activity and psychological well-being (PWB).

Specifically, we review the areas of mood and affect, including enjoyment, self-esteem, cognitive functioning, personality and adjustment, and sleep. The effect of participation on athletics, with respect to its direct effect on the participants themselves, has not been investigated in the literature.

Taras () conducted a review of studies on younger students and the effect that physical activity had on school performance (Taras). The research review conducted by the author.

Physical activity. An Activ8 (2M Engineering, Valkenswaard, the Netherlands) accelerometer will be used to measure the type, duration, frequency and intensity of physical activity in daily life. The system is valid and reliable to detect the type, duration, frequency and intensity of physical activity in persons able to walk.

Both children who. Students' personality is an essential component in order to plan and teach physical education (PE) lessons according to students' individual needs. Additionally, personality formation in general is part of the educational mandate and student personality development specifically is considered as an elementary goal of PE.

Although student personality is a central topic in the PE context, the.Figure 1. Movement counts and estimated daily participation in moderate and vigorous physical activity in non-obese and 54 obese children. Figure 2. Weekly frequency of objectively measured 5, and min bouts of MVPA in non-obese and 54 obese children.

Regular participation in physical activity (PA) is imperative for good health. Active people benefit from higher levels of health-related fitness and are at lower risk of developing many different disabling medical conditions than inactive people [1, 2].It is widely acknowledged that the health benefits of participation in PA are not limited to physical health but also incorporate mental.